Canada’s nuclear industry
- Canada: 60 years in nuclear; Nobel Prize in Physics—1994: Dr. Bert Brockhouse.
- Nuclear energy in Canada is for peaceful purposes: used only in electricity generation, medicine, agriculture, research and manufacturing.
- Nuclear energy is a $6.6 bilion/year industry generating $1.5 billion in federal and provincial revenues through taxes: 21,000 direct jobs, 10,000 indirect jobs (contractors to the industry) plus 40,000 spin-off jobs, 150 firms and $1.2 billion in exports (Source: Canadian Energy Research Institute (CERI) 2008).
- In 2007: 22 CANDU Reactors—18 in service generating 14.6% of the country’s electricity, cleanly and safely, in Ontario (51%), New Brunswick (30%) and Québec (3%).
- On March 31, 2008, Point Lepreau in New Brunswick began an 18-month refurbishment and will return to service in fall of 2009.
- In 2007 in Ontario: 20 reactors—16 in service providing 51% of the province’s electricity (12,024 MW (Gross) of installed electrical capacity) (Source: CANDU Owners Group (COG)/Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) Performance Indicators).
- Canada has operated CANDU nuclear power reactors safely for 46 years.
- Canada has the world’s largest known high-grade natural uranium deposits in Saskatchewan.
- Canada provides over half of the global supply of medical isotopes for nuclear medicine used in 60,000 procedures per day, 5,000 in Canada.
- Canada supplies 75% of the world’s cobalt-60 used to sterilize 45% of the world’s single-use medical supplies.
- The total amount of used nuclear fuel produced in 46 years from nuclear power plants in Canada would fill five hockey rinks up to the height of the boards.
- Canada is the world’s largest producer of natural uranium providing 22% of total world production from its Saskatchewan mines in 2007.
- Canadian uranium is used exclusively for the generation of electricity at nuclear power plants with end use strictly enforced by international non-proliferation agreements and export restrictions.
- The two major uranium mining companies in Canada are Cameco Corporation and AREVA Resources Canada Inc.
- Electricity generated from Canadian uranium worldwide avoids more than 650 million tonnes of CO2 emissions annually (Sources: Canadian Nuclear Association (CNA) & World Nuclear Association (WNA) 2008).
- Uranium is a metal, common and abundant in nature, found in most rocks, soil, rivers, oceans, food and the human body. It is a unique element because of its potential to generate huge amounts of energy.
- Over the last four decades, uranium has been an important Canadian energy resource used in nuclear power reactors for the production of clean electricity.
- Saskatchewan’s uranium reserves contain about four times more energy than all known Canadian conventional oil reserves (not including the Athabasca tar sands).
- In 2007, electricity in Ontario was generated from nuclear (51%), hydro (21%), coal (18%), oil and natural gas (8%) and other alternative sources (2%).
- By 2020, Ontario will need to replace about 80% of its electrical generation (25,000 MW) because of growth in demand and aging plants, about half of which are nuclear.
- Load growth1997-2007—Ontario’s electricity demand has increased from 146 TWh to 154 TWh over the last decade – less than 1.0% per year and by average 0.5 % per year (Source: Independent Electricity System Operator [IESO]).
- In 2007, Ontarians electricity consumption was 152 TWh an increase of one TWh from 2006.
- By 2015, by refurbishing existing nuclear capacity, Ontario will ensure 14,890 MW of electrical generation.
- By 2015, by not replacing existing nuclear capacity through refurbishment or new nuclear construction, Ontario would be left with only 5,900 MW of nuclear capacity.
- Bruce Power is refurbishing Bruce A (ON) Units 1 & 2 (805 MW each) with a return to service date 2009-2010 and will refurbish Bruce A Units 3 & 4 at the completion of 1 & 2.
- The top two performing nuclear reactors in Ontario in 2007 were: Bruce 7 (872MW) with 97.2 % performance and Darlington 1 (935 MW) with 96.7% performance.
- In 2006, Ontario Power Generation and Bruce Power began the environmental assessment process for new nuclear construction.
- March 7, 2008, the Government of Ontario began the process to review available nuclear technologies to bring on replacement nuclear generation.
- The cost of building new nuclear capacity is competitive with coal and natural gas generation (Source: Canadian Energy Research Institute, 2006).
The CNA has compiled a truly impressive amount of "quick facts", especially about nuclear energy in Canada.
Please visit the CNA website to learn more: http://www.cna.ca/english/nuclear_facts/quick_facts.html
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